Pericarditis is a pericardial sac inflammation. There are four types of pericarditis, they are acute, chronic, sicca and pericardial effusion. Sicca and acute pericarditis is a separate disease the recurrence of which is benign and ends within one or two months and usually without severe complications. Pericardial effusion is usually sub chronic or chronic forms and followed by liquid accumulation in pericardium.
Pericarditis is caused by infections which appear after the bacteria, mycobacterium tuberculosis, rickettsia, fungi, viruses interference, because of rheumatoid arthritis, rheumatic disease, myocardial infarction, different traumas, tumors, uremia, systemic lupus erythematosus, because of lack in C, B1. According to the medical statistics the disease is usually manifested after autoimmune diseases and allergies of different types.